The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery. The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president. He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency. However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy.
Before the Civil War the United States experienced a whole generation of nearly unremitting political crisis. Underlying the problem was the fact that America in the early 19th century had been a country, not a nation.
The major… By contrast, the Southern economy was based principally on large farms plantations that produced commercial crops such as cotton and that relied on slaves as the main labour force. Rather than invest in factories or railroads as Northerners had done, Southerners invested their money in slaves—even more than in land; by84 percent of the capital invested in manufacturing was invested in the free nonslaveholding states.
Yet, to Southerners, as late asthis appeared to be a sound business decision. By the per capita wealth of Southern whites was twice that of Northerners, and three-fifths of the wealthiest individuals in the country were Southerners.
The extension of slavery into new territories and states had been an issue as far back as the Northwest Ordinance of When the slave territory of Missouri sought statehood inCongress debated for two years before arriving upon the Missouri Compromise of The end of the Mexican-American War in and the roughlysquare miles 1.
More and more Northerners, driven by a sense of morality or an interest in protecting free labour, came to believe, in the s, that bondage needed to be eradicated.
White Southerners feared that limiting the expansion of slavery would consign the institution to certain death. Over the course of the decade, the two sides became increasingly polarized and politicians less able to contain the dispute through compromise.
When Abraham Lincolnthe candidate of the explicitly antislavery Republican Partywon the presidential electionseven Southern states South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas carried out their threat and seceded, organizing as the Confederate States of America.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Curiously, this first encounter of what would be the bloodiest war in the history of the United States claimed no victims. After a hour bombardment, Maj. Robert Anderson surrendered his command of about 85 soldiers to some 5, besieging Confederate troops under P.
He proclaimed a naval blockade of the Confederate states, although he insisted that they did not legally constitute a sovereign country but were instead states in rebellion. Union army volunteer, photograph by Mathew Brady, History of the Civil War in the United States, Contributor Names c Subject Headings - United States--History--Civil War, Maps - Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
History of the Civil War in the United States, Contributor Names - United States--History--Civil War, Maps - United States - Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
America's Best History, from sea to shining sea. United States History Timeline, the 's, the U.S. Civil War, includes the top events of each year of the decade of the rebellion against the states.
The Constitution of the Confederate States of America was the supreme law of the Confederate States of America, as adopted on March 11, and in effect through the conclusion of the American Civil War. The Pre-Civil War Years in United States History.
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history, the withdrawal of 11 slave states (states in which slaveholding was legal) from the Union during –61 following the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. Secession precipitated the American Civil War.
Secession had a long history in the United States—but as a.