These diseases are transmitted through contact with blood or other bodily fluids, which can occur when sharing needles or other injection drug use equipment. HCV is the most common bloodborne infection in the Unites States.
Giuseppe Parisi Definition Internet addiction disorder refers to the problematic use of the Internet, including the various aspects of its technology, such as electronic mail e-mail and the World Wide Web.
Internet addiction has, however, been formally recognized as a disorder by the American Psychological Association. Description In some respects, addictive use of the Internet resembles other so-called "process" Addiction and young people, in which a person is addicted to an activity or behavior including gambling, shopping, or certain sexual behaviors rather than a substance mood-altering drugs, tobacco, food, etc.
People who develop problems with their Internet use may start off using the Internet on a casual basis and then progress to using the technology in dysfunctional ways.
Many people believe that spending large amounts of time on the Internet is a core feature of the disorder.
In addition, cases have been reported of persons entering Internet chat rooms for people with serious illnesses or disorders, and pretending to be a patient with that disorder in order to get attention or sympathy.
Treatment options often mirror those for other addictions.
Although only a limited amount of research has been done on this disorder, the treatments that have been used appear to be effective. Causes and symptoms Causes No one knows what causes a person to be addicted to the Internet, but there are several factors that have been proposed as contributing to Internet addiction.
One theory concerns the mood-altering potential of behaviors related to process addictions. In other words, some researchers think that there are chemical changes that occur in the body when someone is engaging in an addictive behavior.
In addition to having features of a process addiction, Internet use might be reinforced by pleasurable thoughts and feelings that occur while the person is using the Internet. Although researchers in the field of addiction studies question the concept of an "addictive personality" as such, it is possible that someone who has one addiction may be prone to become addicted to other substances or activities, including Internet use.
People with such other mental disorders or symptoms as depression, feelings of isolation, stressor anxiety, may "self-medicate" by using the Internet in the same way that some people use alcohol or drugs of abuse to self-medicate the symptoms of their mental disorder.
From a social or interpersonal standpoint, there may be familial factors prompting use of the Internet. For People who develop problems with their Internet use may start off using the Internet on a casual basis and then progress to using the technology in dysfunctional ways.
Many of the treatments that have been used for Internet addiction have been modeled after other addiction treatment programs and support groups. Another possibility is that social or peer dynamics might prompt excessive Internet use.
Some affected persons may lack the social skills that would enable them to meet people in person rather than online. Modeling may play a role—users can witness and experience how others engage in Internet use and then replicate that behavior. The interactive aspects of the Internet, such as chat rooms, e-mail, and interactive games like Multi-User Dungeons and Dragons MUDSseem to be more likely to lead to Internet addiction than purely solitary web surfing.
One question that has not yet been answered concerning Internet addiction is whether it is a distinctive type of addiction or simply an instance of a new technology being used to support other addictions. Similarly, someone addicted to shopping could transfer their addiction from the local mall to online stores.
Persons addicted to certain forms of sexual behavior can visit pornography sites on the Internet or use chat rooms as a way to meet others who might be willing to participate in those forms of behavior.
Researchers may need to determine whether there is such a disorder as "pure" Internet addiction. Symptoms One symptom of Internet addiction is excessive time devoted to Internet use. A person might have difficulty cutting down on his or her online time even when they are threatened with poor grades or loss of a job.
There have been cases reported of college students failing courses because they would not take time off from Internet use to attend classes. Other symptoms of addiction may include lack of sleep, fatiguedeclining grades or poor job performance, apathyand racing thoughts.
There may also be a decreased investment in social relationships and activities. A person may lie about how much time was spent online or deny that they have a problem.
They may be irritable when offline, or angry toward anyone who questions their time on the Internet. Demographics In the past, people reported to have an Internet addiction disorder were stereotyped as young, introverted, socially awkward, computer-oriented males.
While this stereotype may have been true in the past, the availability of computers and the increased ease of access to the Internet are quickly challenging this notion.Video game addiction may indirectly lead to premature death.
Video game addiction may also lead to other health problems. A Norwegian study conducted by the University of Bergen has looked at links between gaming problems and common health problems. The study compared health factors like headaches, neck or back pain, digestive problems and sleep problems between people .
It seems in today’s world children are born ‘digital’. From young toddlers to teens, children appear to have a knack of being able to navigate the world of technology, using a range of gadgets for enjoyment, social connection, education, communication and convenience.
Understanding Addiction. People experiment with drugs for many different reasons. Many first try drugs out of curiosity, to have a good time, because friends are doing it, or in an effort to improve athletic performance or ease another problem, such as stress, anxiety, or depression.
The first book to identify the problem of Internet addiction, and to offer help to "online-aholics." Caught in the Net reveals that the behavior of excessive on-line users fits the behavior associated with clinical definitions of established addictions such as alcoholism and excessive gambling.
Description In some respects, addictive use of the Internet resembles other so-called "process" addictions, in which a person is addicted to an activity or behavior (including gambling, shopping, or certain sexual behaviors) rather than a substance (mood-altering drugs, tobacco, food, etc.).
The majority of people working a program of recovery are indeed beyond the years of young adulthood, addiction recovery is a young person’s program as well.