Children Summary Germs, or microbes, are found everywhere - in the air, soil, and water. There are also germs on your skin and in your body. Many of them are harmless, and some can even be helpful.
Sexual intercourse, however, is not without potential harmful or unintended consequences. Two major potential health consequences of sexual intercourse are unintentional pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases STDsincluding HIV infection. These harmful consequences can be dramatically reduced through effective prevention programs and by openly confronting these problems on a national level.
A previous Institute of Medicine IOM report has described the national epidemic of unintentional pregnancies and recommended a strategy for prevention IOM, a. The current report focuses on the hidden epidemic of STDs in United States and presents a national strategy for how these diseases can be confronted on many levels.
While some STDs seemed to be declining in the last several years e. In some population groups e. In addition, if STD rates in other developed countries i. Page 20 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
The National Academies Press.
The scope of the STD epidemic, however, remains underappreciated, and the epidemic is largely hidden and excluded from public discourse. There is a general lack of public awareness and knowledge regarding STDs. Some STDs are initially asymptomatic but may cause serious health problems years after infection.
The lag between initial infection and serious complications contributes to the lack of awareness of the impact of STDs.
However, there has not been a comprehensive national public education campaign for STDs. STDs can lead to long-term health consequences that are often irreversible and are costly in both human and economic terms. Potential health consequences include serious long-term complications such as cervical and liver cancer and infertility Holmes and Handsfield, STDs during pregnancy may result in fetal death or significant physical and developmental disabilities, including mental retardation and blindness Brunham et al.
Women are particularly vulnerable to STDs because they are more biologically susceptible to certain sexually transmitted infections than men and because they are more likely to have asymptomatic infections that result in delayed diagnosis and treatment Aral and Guinan, ; Cates, In addition, women develop more serious sequelae and long-term complications compared to men.
The disproportionate impact of STDs on the health of women, however, is not widely understood.
infection spreads. 20 Sexually transmitted diseases do not of sexually transmitted infections is whether the analysis combinations of. Oct 22, · Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) The Basics Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also called sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are diseases and infections that are passed from person to person through sexual contact. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS Sexually transmitted diseases - epidemiology. 2. Cross-sectional studies. 3. Guidelines. I. World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific. ISBN 92 2 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS PREVALENCE STUDY METHODOLOGY Abbreviations Acknowledgements Introduction Methodology.
Adolescents and young adults are at greatest risk of acquiring an STD. Approximately two-thirds of persons who acquire STDs are under age Despite the fact that high-risk sexual behaviors are usually initiated during adolescence, STD prevention efforts for adolescents in the United States remain unfocused and controversial.
Campaigns to increase public awareness of STDs and behavioral interventions to promote condom use and other healthy behaviors have been implemented with varying success.infection spreads.
20 Sexually transmitted diseases do not of sexually transmitted infections is whether the analysis combinations of. 1. Introduction Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) refers to a set of clinical infections in which a mode of transmission is through sexual contact, and in which at least, one partner is infected.
Recommendations and Reports. MMWR / June 5, / Vol.
64 / No. 3 1.
Introduction. The term sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) refers to a variety of clinical syndromes and infections caused by.
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS Sexually transmitted diseases - epidemiology. 2. Cross-sectional studies. 3. Guidelines.
I. World Health Organization.
Regional Office for the Western Pacific. ISBN 92 2 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS PREVALENCE STUDY METHODOLOGY Abbreviations Acknowledgements Introduction Methodology. Keywords: Men who have sex with men, male sex workers, sexually transmitted diseases INTRODUCTION Homosexuality is rarely discussed publically as it is considered a taboo subject by both Indian civil society and the government.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people, not only in developing, but also in developed countries.
We conducted this systematic review to determine awareness and knowledge of school-going male and female adolescents in Europe of STDs and if.