Joseph addison as an essayist

Prose of Augustan Age 4. Drama of Augustan Age 4. Novel during Augustan Age 4. After studying this unit the students will locate the prescribed text into the literary period and understand the text in the light of the Augustan Period.

Joseph addison as an essayist

Background[ edit ] Addison was born in MillstoneWiltshirebut soon after his birth his father, Lancelot Addison, was appointed Dean of Lichfield and the Addison family moved into the cathedral close.

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Inhe addressed a poem to John Drydenand his first major work, a book of the lives of English poets, was published in Political career[ edit ] Addison returned to England at the end of For more than a year he remained unemployed, but the Battle of Blenheim in gave him a fresh opportunity to distinguish himself.

A biography of Addison states: Magazine founder[ edit ] Joseph Addison: Later, he helped form the Kitcat Club and renewed his friendship with Richard Steele. In they started The Spectator. His last publication was The Freeholder, a political paper, in — He followed this effort with a comedic play, The Drummer It has a prologue written by Alexander Pope and an epilogue by Samuel Garth.

It continued to grow in popularity, especially in the America, for several generations. It is cited by some historians as a literary inspiration for the American Revolutionbeing known to many of the Founding Fathers. General George Washington sponsored a performance of Cato for the Continental Army during the difficult winter of at Valley Forge.

According to John J. Miller"no single work of literature may have been more important than Cato" for the leaders of the American revolution. Meanwhile, Sempronius, a senator, and Syphax, a general of the Numidians, are conspiring secretly against Cato, hoping to prevent the Numidian army from supporting him.

His political career continued, and he served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department from to His political newspaper, The Freeholder, was much criticized, and Alexander Popein An Epistle to Dr Arbuthnotmade him an object of derision, naming him "Atticus", and comparing him to an adder"willing to wound, and yet afraid to strike.

Developments in the 18th century

He eventually fell out with Steele over the Peerage Bill of InAddison was forced to resign as Secretary of State because of his poor health, but he remained an MP until his death at Holland House, Londonon 17 June age Addison was buried in Westminster Abbey. After his death, an apocryphal story circulated that Addison, on his deathbed, had sent for his wastrel stepson to witness how a Christian man meets death.

Contribution[ edit ] It is as an essayist that Addison is remembered today. Addison began writing essays quite casually. On 1 MarchThe Spectator was published, and it continued until 6 December The Spectator was issued daily and achieved great popularity. It exercised an influence over the reading public of the time.

Addison soon became the leading partner in The Spectator. He contributed essays out a total of ; Steele wrote Addison also assisted Steele with the Guardian which began in The breezy, conversational style of the essays later prompted Bishop Richard Hurd to reprove Addison for what he called an "Addisonian Termination," or preposition strandinga grammatical construction that ends a sentence with a preposition.

He also left an incomplete work, Of the Christian Religion. Joseph Addison by Kraemer Albin Schram letters[ edit ] Inan Austrian banker and collector named Albin Schram died, and in his laundry room a collection of a thousand letters was found, some of them of interest to historians.INTRODUCTION.

In literature this period is known as the Augustan age. According to Hudson the epithet ―Augustan‖ was applied as a term of high praise, because the Age of Augustus was the golden age of Latin literature, so the Age of Pope was the golden age of English literature.

BA. Li Cigong (Zhongjun) of LIANG; Prefect of BA. BAA. Augustine BATHE (? ; (BATHONIA; de BAA) Margaret de BAA (? - +) ; Walter (Sir; de) BATHE (? -?) ; aka Walterum de BATHON (BATHONIA; de BAA); High Sheriff of Devon.

Joseph addison as an essayist

BAAD. Broder Simonsen BAAD . History of publishing - Magazine publishing: Though there may have been published material similar to a magazine in antiquity, especially perhaps in China, the magazine as it is now known began only after the invention of printing in the West.

It had its roots in the spate of pamphlets, broadsides, ballads, chapbooks, and almanacs that printing made possible.

Joseph addison as an essayist

Author's Note. This study was originally published in It has long been out of print. Even though it was well received and widely circulated I have steadfastly refused to reissue it until the whole matter could be carefully reconsidered and re­written.

An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". It . Joseph Addison as an essayist, Addison influenced British society. The 'middle style' which he perfected has been criticised as being weak, lacking the energy and force which can be provided by passion and intellectual energy.

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